Brief Description

Antique is a province of the Philippines located in the region of Western Visayas. The province capital is San Jose, the most populous town in Antique. The province is situated in the western section of Panay Island and borders Aklan, Capiz and Iloilo to the east, while facing the Sulu Sea to the west.

Antique was one of the three sakup (districts) of Panay before Spanish colonizers arrived on the islands. The province was known at that time as Hantík, the local name for the large black ants found on the island. The Spanish chroniclers, influenced by the French, recorded the region’s name as Hantique, which was then read as ‘antique (silent ‘h’). The locals then pronounced the name into its present name “Antique” (än-ti-ké).

Geography

Antique is one of the six provinces comprising Western Visayas or Region VI, and one of the four provinces in the island of Panay.

The province, with a total land area of 2,729.17 square kilometres (1,053.74 sq mi), is an elongated stretch of land occupying the entire western side of the island. It is bounded by the rugged central mountains of Panay, bordering on the provinces of Aklan in the northeast, Capiz on the east, Iloilo in the southeast and the Sulu Sea on the west. Its western-most and northernmost point is Semirara Island at 12°07′10″N 121°21′10″E, while its eastern tip is approximately 11°01′N 122°19.5′E. Anini-y is the province’s most southerly point at 10°24′24″N 121°57′38″E. Resembling a seahorse in shape, it is 155 kilometres (96 mi) long and 35 kilometres (22 mi) at its widest point.

Administrative Divisions

Antique is subdivided into 18 municipalities. San Jose de Buenavista serves as the provincial capital, the center of commerce and trade, and the seat of the provincial government and national government agencies.

  • Anini-y
  • Barbaza
  • Belison
  • Bugasong
  • Caluya
  • Culasi
  • Hamtic
  • Laua-an
  • Libertad
  • Pandan
  • Patnongon
  • San Jose de Buenavista
  • San Remigio
  • Sebaste
  • Sibalom
  • Tibiao
  • Tobias Fornier
  • Valderrama

Demographics

The population of Antique in the 2015 census was 582,012 people, with a density of 210 inhabitants per square kilometre or 540 inhabitants per square mile. San Jose, is the most populous town in the province.

Antiqueños are seafaring people that share many characteristics with their Panay neighbors. However, the steep slopes and the rugged, long mountain ranges of Antique have isolated it from the rest of Panay. Hence, they have developed their own distinct language called Kinaray-a. This dialect is of Austronesian origin characterized by the predominance of r’s and schwa sounds spoken with a lilting gentle intonation.

The Antiqueños are noted for their industry. They are renowned weavers throughout the Visayas. The Bugasong patadyong, a tube cotton fabric of plaid design, is highly valued because of its fineness of weaving. Piña cloth is also produced in looms throughout the province. Wine manufactured from the sap of the coconut is a cottage industry.